Palmer, John

[br]
b. 1743 Bath, Avon, England
d. 1818 Bath, Avon, England
[br]
English pioneer in mail transport.
[br]
He was the son of a brewer and maltster and part-owner of a theatre in Bath. In his early 20s his father sent him to London to organize the petition for a licence for the Orchard Street theatre, which was granted in 1768. He then organized a series of post-chaises to transport ac-tors between this and another theatre in Bristol in which his father also had an interest. By 1782 he had ready a plan for a countrywide service of mail coaches to replace the existing arrangements of conveying the mail by post-boys and -girls mounted on horseback who were by law compelled to carry the mail "at a Rate of Six Miles in the Hour at least" on penalty of one month's hard labour if found loitering. Lord Camden, Member of Parliament for Bath, put Palmer's plan before Prime Minister Pitt, who approved of it. An experimental run was tried on 2 August 1782, a coach leaving Bristol at 4 pm and arriving in London at 8 am the next morning, to return the following night from London at 8 pm and reaching Bristol at 10 am. In March 1785 the Norwich Mail Coach was started and during that year services were started to Portsmouth, Dover, Exeter, Leeds, Manchester, Liverpool, Birmingham, Shrewsbury, Chester, Holyhead, Worcester, South Wales and Milford Haven. A feature of importance was that each mail coach was accompanied by an armed guard. In August 1786 Palmer was appointed Surveyor and Comptroller-General of the Post Office at a salary of £1,500 per annum and a bonus depending on all revenue over £300,000 each year. The popularity of the new service is shown by the feet that by 1813 his 2 1/2 per cent bonus came to £50,000. Due to the intrigues of his deputy, he was removed from office, but he was given a pension of £3,000 a year. He received the freedom of some eighteen towns, was made Mayor of Bath and represented that constituency in Parliament four times.
[br]
Further Reading
E.Vale, 1960, The Mail-Coach Men, London: Cassell.
IMcN

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John McAuley Palmer — John M. Palmer John McAuley Palmer (* 13. September 1817 in Eagles Creek, Kentucky; † 25. September 1900 in Springfield, Illinois) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1869 bis 1873 15. Gouverneur von Illinois. Außerdem war er Senator der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John "Poli" Palmer — John Michael Palmer est un claviériste, flûtiste et occasionnellement batteur de rock britannique né le 25 mai 1943 à Evesham, Worcestershire (Angleterre), plus connu sous le nom de John Poli Palmer. Sommaire 1 Biographie 1.1 Les débuts …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John M. Palmer — John M.Palmer John M.Palmer Nationalité  États Unis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John M. Palmer — John McAuley Palmer (* 13. September 1817 in Eagle Creek, Scott County, Kentucky; † 25. September 1900 in Springfield, Illinois) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1869 bis 1873 der 15. Gou …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John M.Palmer — John M. Palmer John M.Palmer John M.Palmer Nationalité  Éta …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Palmer (Komponist) — John Palmer John Palmer (* 1959) ist ein britischer Komponist, Pianist und Musikwissenschaftler. John Palmer studierte Klavier in Zürich und an der Musikhochschule Luzern bei Grazia Wendling und Eva Serman wo er sein Klavierdiplom erhielt. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Palmer (composer) — John Palmer (25.9.1959) is a composer of contemporary music (acoustic and electroacoustic).. He has equally been active in different musical genres: from 1976 to 1985 he composed and performed as a pianist and keyboard player and directed several …   Wikipedia

  • John Evan — Con Jethro Tull en 1973. Datos generales Nombre real John Spencer Evans …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Evan — John Evan, parfois orthographié Evans (né le 28 mars 1948) est un pianiste britannique. Biographie Cette section est vide, insuffisamment détaillée ou incomplète. Votre aide est la bienvenue ! Sa mère étant professeur de piano, il a commencé …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John "Charlie" Whitney — Birth name Richard John Whitney Also known as John Charlie Whitney Born 24 June 1944 (1944 06 24) (age 67), Skipton, North Yorkshire, England …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.